If you are that person who does not like to get help with home construction then a drywall installation is not a big deal. In simple words, drywall also known as wallboard is a construction material that is used to create ceilings and walls without the use of any plaster or mortar.
It is generally made up of calcium sulfate dihydrate and has a fat sheet-like appearance to it.
Here is a complete guide to drywall installation which will also help you understand the benefits, types, and how to install the drywall. Read on to know more about drywall installation.
Do I install the ceiling first or the wall?
It is advisable to first install the drywall for the ceiling and then proceed to the walls. This is because once the ceiling is fixed you can then lift the sheets for the wall to finally make a firm and tight joint.
Which position for drywall installation is better horizontal or vertical?
Drywall can be installed in both commercial properties and also residential properties. However, the installation may differ from each other in both these cases.
For commercial properties, the drywall must be installed vertically. This is because the codes for fire usually wall lengthwise on the frame so it is advisable to install the drywall vertically.
On the other hand, for a residential property, it is better to install drywall horizontally. This is because when it is hinged horizontally it will have lesser seams, would finish faster, and would also hide uneven studs.
So the installation of drywall depends on the property it is being installed whether a commercial property or residential.
Types Of Drywall
Here are a few different types of drywall that you can consider installing.
Fire- impenetrable Drywall
The fire- impenetrable drywall also known as the Type X has various thicknesses and can be fixed According to fire usage. It can prevent the fire from catching and its layers can achieve a high fire rate.
It does require several building codes and is also a little difficult to cut or work with compared to the white Drywall or others.
It is made up of a noncombustible fiber and it is available in 5 inches to 8 inches of thickness. It is also soundproof to some extent.
This drywall has no paper presents in it and is layered with a cover of fiberglass. These types of drywalls are replacing paper-based drywalls drastically.
The fiberglass coating protects the inner gypsum board from mold, mildew and also prevents it from rotting. However, this drywall is a little tougher than that of the white Drywall and is a lot easier to cut.
These are not smooth in texture so if you want a smooth layer on the paperless Drywall you need to apply a layer of joint compound on it.
This soundproof Drywall is best for commercial properties like offices and meeting rooms. It is made up of laminated drywall that has fibers of wood, gypsum, and also polymers that help in increasing the sound transmission class, present in it.
This drywall is easy to cut because it is dense and can be easily worked with compared to the other drywall. It is good to be used in offices for commercial properties and can be used in rooms for musicians in residential properties too.
The purple Drywall is almost similar to the regular drywall but this is better moisture impenetrable and mold impenetrable benefits to it.
This is strong and can be used in high water usage places like bathrooms or cleaning areas. It can be fitted to any ceiling or any wall and is a great mold preventer.
Green Board Drywall
This drywall is also called water impenetrable drywall. It has a green coating or covering which makes it a lot more moisture- impenetrable than the normal drywall. However, it is just moisture resistant but not completely waterproof.
You cannot use this if that particular area will frequently comes near water. This drywall is a little more expensive than the regular one and is generally used as the backup for tile in selected areas that have a limited amount of water using basement walls or parts of the kitchen or laundry room.
White Board Drywall
The whiteboard also known as the regular drywall is brown on one side and white on the other side. It is cheap drywall and can be affordable for anyone.
It is available in different sizes that range from 3 inches to 8 inches in terms of thickness. This regular drywall is very common and versatile and can be used as the perfect base. This generally comes in the 4/8 feet panels and is sturdy.
Blue Board Drywall
Also called the plaster baseboard this blue board drywall is generally required for veneer plastering purposes. This surface paper also has Absorption quality present in it.
The blue Board drywall is not manufactured for tape, paint, or mud. It is mold-resistant drywall and high water-resistant too.
This also helps in eliminating sound to some extent. The blue Board Drywall is great for places like bathrooms that have high water usage.
What are the tools required for a drywall installation?
Here is the list of 15 tools and material that are required for drywall installation:
- T – square
- Adhesive Gun
- 4 inches drywall knife
- 8 inches drywall knife
- Wallboard sheets
- Joint tape
- Wallboard Adhesive
- Joint Compound bucket
- Drywall screws
- Ladder and planks
- Aviation snips
- 4 × 16 inches mud pan
- Screw gun
- Utility knife with extra blades
- Corner strips
- Keyhole saw
Steps Of Drywall Installation
Here are the steps by which you can install drywall
Measuring and cutting the drywall
Firstly you need to start with measuring every corner so that you can fit in your first panel. The panel needs to fit perfectly.
If not then you need to check how much space you need for two panels for your ceiling.
Now place the T-square and keep it along the mark. Now cut the extra paper other than the mark using the knife and the guide and the extras.
Also, mark each location wherever you will need to fix screws and places where the strapping will be intersecting the wall later on.
Covering of the ceiling
Now you will be requiring an assistant to help you hold the primary panel onto the ceiling while you screw them.
The edge needs to be tight to one wall and the other needs to be perpendicular to the marked strapping. Once your assistant picks up the panel and holds it you need to start screwing the panel.
Make sure you put at least 5 screws that are evenly placed so that it can hold the ceiling. Use the marking as a guide for the screws. Do this on every strapping. Continue this until you reach the other end and try not to crack the paper.
Cutting out the holes
Before you put a drywall sheet over any electrical box, mainly on the ceiling, measure it and mark the distance so that you can easily cut the holes.
Now start making holes with the rotary cutter or knife in places where you want the electricity line to be. Also, put 2 screws on each side to secure them.
Covering of the wall
For the wall start by measuring the distance again and use tape to make sure that the center of the previous panel is in the center part of the stud.
Now similarly hold this panel for the wall and screw it as you did for the ceiling. Also, cut out extras if necessary.
Hand the panel over the windows if you have any which will be eliminated later. Do not screw the panel around the openings as you will need to cut them.
Trimming of the doors
Hang the panels over your windows and doors and do not line them with the existing corners yet. Do not screw them.
Now like the electricity line cut the extra panel falling on the windows and doors. Mark them first and take the exact measurements. Once down, cut the extra edges.
Also, cut out boxes if necessary for any connection with the rotary cutter. Once done you can now screw them as you did for the ceiling and wall. Rub the edges with sandpaper to remove the extra rough cuts.
Once you are done with the drywall installation process start checking for loose screws or any screw heads that need to be tightened.
Once you find them, screw them back gently but do not put a lot of pressure on them. If you find any screws that are pushed deep inside the paper add two extra screws on each side of that screw.
Once done, clean the room well by removing any screws that have fallen on the floor and check the room. Now you can paint the Drywall as you wish.
Benefits Of Installing Drywall
Here are a few benefits of installing drywall for your wall and ceiling.
Drywalls are of different types and all of them are resistant to fire. It reduces the rate of fire spreading. It can help you save your house or office from burning down.
This does not burn that easily and slows down the speed of the fire. Also compared to this property the cost of drywall is very less. So it is not only cheap but can save you from fire and save your life.
A drywall is a cheap yet beautiful option for your office or your home. It is easy to maintain and can be repainted several times to change the look of the room.
It is better than plastered walls where you cannot change the color or repaint them all the time. You can keep changing the look of your room and repainting the drywall without worrying about it getting worse.
It is good-looking, easy to install, and an economic option for a great look for your room.
Easy To Install and Repair
Drywalls are easy to install and easy to repair or replace too. This is the reason it is a popular choice. It is easier to work with Drywall than to work with plaster walls.
So if you feel you do not want to keep this wall and choose to switch to something else you can just replace it according to your choice and that will not even take a lot of time.
Drywalls do have insulation properties. It helps in retaining the temperature of the room be it warm or cold.
It is a great option as it makes your room more comfortable for you and cozy too. You will not require heaters or air conditioners which will also reduce your energy bills all through the year.
Drywall installation is a very popular option among most homeowners. This is because it is affordable and can be afforded by anybody.
It is a good choice and is also very easy to install which cuts down the cost of paying a professional to install the drywall for your home, you can do it yourself.
A drywall is extremely versatile and can be the base of numerous architectural designs and specialties.
Installing drywall can open up doors to more creativity and can change the appearance of a particular place drastically.
Most importantly drywall for ceiling or wall can be of different types and the uses can also be numerous.
So when you decide to install drywall for your home or your office make sure to choose the best type of drywall so that it can be beneficial for you when you want to create designs.
The process may look a little long but it is a great option that can beautify the room instantly.