What is better for your walls?- drywall or plaster?

What is Drywall ?

Drywall is a construction material used in almost every home, store, and office and is the most modern and reasonable way to give your place an exquisite look you always desired. It’s made of different materials, including plywood, wood pulp, asbestos-cement board, and gypsum.

It is a material used to create interior walls and ceilings and create many design features, such as eaves, arches, other architectural specialties, etc. It is quick and easy to change the look of the interior of your place as these are incredibly durable and do not require much of a repair when damaged.

How is a Drywall Made?

First, the layers or particles of wood are compressed together to make the wood fiber and pulp boards using adhesives and are manufactured with wood grain and other surface effects.

The asbestos-cement boards are made using a mixture of Portland cement and asbestos fiber made wet by pouring water to press into the board or sheet form. Moreover, organic fibers are also added to increase resiliency.

The panels can also be treated with curing agents, water repellent admixtures, and other substances to enhance their performance, making them easy to work with.

To increase the resistance and make the thin plywood stronger, they are usually assisted with plywood or insulating board.

The drywall and plaster share the same main ingredient known as gypsum; it is a non-toxic mineral. Gypsum panel is one of the most common types of drywall. The gypsum is a natural mineral that is mined in over 85 countries. It is found in crystalline form and is a hydrous sulfate of calcium.

The gypsum board contains a gypsum rock core sandwiched between two layers of unique papers. To make the panels fire-resistant, glass fibers are mixed with the gypsum base. The boards that are manufactured using aluminum backing are also used for insulation.

The gypsum drywalls are manufactured in both manners, finished and unfinished in a wide range of finishes such as vinyl. They are formed in permanent colors and textures and do not require any additional process to complete the interior walls and ceilings’ appearance.

Are there any specific types of Drywall ?

Yes, drywall, also known as wallboards, are available in a wide range of types, and each type is beneficial in its way. Let’s dig deep and find out what are the types of drywall.

Regular drywall

It is standard, non-rated, and is used to create walls and ceilings or can also be used to make architectural features. It is designed for homes and offices.

Fire-Rated drywall

The fire-rated drywalls are fire-resistant and can resist fire for up to 20 minutes or more. It is used to create ceilings and walls. It is designed for hazardous areas that may have a high risk of catching fire.

Impact-resistant drywall

This drywall type is highly durable and is made to prevent damage, making it last long for years without repairing as the thicker paper is used while manufacturing. It is designed for schools and dormitories.

Moisture resistant drywall

These are specially designed for the bathrooms, basements, and other areas with a high amount of moisture as this drywall type is entirely water and moisture-resistant.

Soundboard

This drywall type is sound-proof and designed for places like offices and homes with more noise transmission concerns.

Lead-lined drywall

It is designed for the x-ray rooms or areas that subject to radiation. The following type is manufactured in a way to prevent x-ray waves from damaging the walls.

A complete Guide for Drywall installation.

What is Plaster?

plaster wall

Plaster is a construction material used for building, coating, decorating, and protecting the internal walls and ceilings. It can also manufacture different architectural moldings, for example, ceiling roses, cornices, etc.

However, it is considered an older way to form your place’s interior walls and ceilings but is durable enough to last long years.

How is Plaster Made?

The plaster is manufactured in a dry powder form and then worked further to give it a form of a stiff paste by mixing the powder into the water.

Plaster has many different types, and each type has its benefit. Moreover, each type is made from various components, materials, and methods. Let’s know more about the kinds of plaster and how each one is manufactured.

Different Types of Plaster

Gypsum Plaster

The most common type of plaster is the gypsum. It is also known as plaster of Paris and is commonly used for the interior walls. The gypsum is heated to 150 – 300 F, and when it gets mixed into the water, it reforms from powder form into gypsum.

The unmodified plaster starts to get ready after a good mixing of 10 minutes, but it still needs a time-lapse of at least 72 hours before applying.

Lime Plaster

It is a composite of calcium hydroxide and sand; It is mostly used on the older properties. To give the lime plaster a proper form, the application sets through contact with carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, transforming the calcium hydroxide into calcium carbonate.

Sometimes the animal hair is also used to strengthen the lime plaster to prevent shrinkage and wrecking.

Cement Plaster

The cement plaster is a mixture of sand, cement, and water. It is usually used for stonework interiors and exteriors and can achieve a smooth and soothing surface.

However, the interior will still require a finishing coating of gypsum plaster to make it more durable and resistant.

Clay Plaster

Clay plaster is considered modern and more sustainable than cement, lime, and gypsum plaster as it is strong enough and has the additive fibers to enhance its strength.

What are the benefits of each type of plaster by binder ?

GYPSUM PLASTER

It has good qualities of fire-resistance. The gypsum plaster is used to create walls of hazardous areas that may have a high risk of catching fire.

CEMENT PLASTER

The cement plaster is moisture-resistant and can be used to create bathroom and basement walls and ceilings.

LIME PLASTER

These are considered more flexible and breathable than cement and gypsum plasters.

CLAY PLASTER

The clay plasters do not need to be painted and are considered a better and sustainable way to achieve a modern interior look.

What are the different categories of plaster made for different places ?

There are several forms or categories of plaster made for different places and have various benefits as well. Let’s know more about this plaster category.

Board finish plaster

These are made and used on plasterboards.

Bonding plaster

It is made for new walls and is used as an undercoat to make the walls stronger.

Browning plaster

It is made for absorbent surfaces and is used as an undercoat.

Dri-coat plaster

This form of plaster offers moisture-resistance and is mostly used under walls and ceilings of bathrooms and basements or the walls with sewerage issues.

Hardwall plaster

These are considered similar to browning plaster but offer better impact-resistance and dries a lot faster.

Heat-resistant plaster

It offers heat-resistance and is suitable for the places or rooms where the temperature exceeds 50 C

What is the different between Drywall and Plaster?

If you consider taking a wall construction project of your new house, you must have heard the two material options: drywall and plaster. However, nowadays, newer homes are featured with drywalls because of the looks and flexibility.

Learn more about the drywall inspection checklist.

The drywalls are easy and quick to install by just screwing it into the walls, and it comes in a variety of thicknesses options as well which makes it easier for you to choose the suitable one.

On the other hand, the plaster is a more labor-intensive process as it requires a lot of hassle, but it is still considered a high-end wall treatment option for many.

The workers have to nail different wood lengths and then apply several plaster coatings to make the walls extra durable.

Both of these methods are good in their way and have their strength and weaknesses. For your feasibility, we are going to breakdown both of the materials here – drywall vs. plaster.

LABOR-INTENSIVE

Plaster is more labor-intensive than drywall as you have to find professional workers and skilled laborers in your area who can do the adequate high-end maintenance of walls and ceilings with plaster.

It can be a hectic process incase your place needs plumbing or electric work as the wires are behind the walls of plaster.

On the other hand, it is a simple and easy process if the drywalls are installed as you don’t have to hassle finding skilled laborers who can break the entire wall first to get the pipes and electric wires fixed. Handy homeowners can easily do the fixing if you consider drywalls.

Plaster is not cost-efficient

The plaster costs more than drywall because it requires more skilled work than drywall installation. Moreover, it takes a longer time to do the walls with plaster than it takes with the drywall.

If you choose plaster, the labor will cost you around three times higher if we compare the drywall installation cost.

Drywalls are flexible when it comes to hanging items, but plasters aren’t bad as well.

If you want to hang a poster or any wall-hanging item you like, it’s more flexible with the drywall as you have to push thumbtacks to hang the pictures, but it’s not impossible with the plaster. However, it can be a bit hectic, but still, it’s possible.

There’s a high that the plaster walls will get cracks if you try to hammer a nail into the plaster walls. Consider using screws instead of nails to hang artwork or pictures.

Plaster offers sound-proof walls, but drywall provides better insulation

The plaster blocks the sound-transmission better than gypsum drywall. However, the plaster is a denser-material, but it still does not have better thermal capabilities than the standard drywall coupled with modern insulation. The installation process of the drywall allows you to accommodate the layers accordingly.

In short, the drywall offers better insulation, and it can be challenging enough to retrofit the original plaster walls with insulation and still does not beat the amount of insulation the drywall provides.

Plaster provides a better look

Besides every feature that plaster lacks, it still offers a better look than the standard drywalls used in today’s homes. The plaster can be applied in various finishes, for example, a smooth and glossy finish or a stucco-like textured finish.

The plaster is still used for many aesthetic upgrades. The plaster is considered for curved walls, and it can be hard enough or entirely impossible to find the drywall that can bend as desired.

Which one is better Drywall or Plaster?

Each of the materials has its own benefits and can be used for different upgrades. However, it still depends on what you desire as we have completely broken down the facts and benefits each material has.

Read the whole article to know more about what you should consider before starting your wall-construction project to give your place a look you always desired.

Read each fact and consider accordingly whether you will do the installation yourself or hire the laborers.

CONCLUSION – DRYWALL VS PLASTER

Whenever you consider upgrading your place’s interior look, two options come in your mind whether you should choose drywall or plaster.

This assuredly will concern you more as it’s a hard choice to make, but you don’t need to be worried as we will tell you everything you need to know about both of the materials.

Every product has its own features which makes it unique but the selection of a product depends upon one’s own taste and requirements as well as the product feasibility.

We have mentioned the facts along with the definitions of each material. Moreover, we have also specified how each material is made and their different types for your flexibility.

Choose according to your desires to make the best impression of your place.